Nearly 42000 women die in the United States because of breast cancer, making it the second leading cause of deaths among women after lung cancer. 1 It is due to this reason, many women are concerned about developing breast cancer.
Many factors over the course of your life can trigger the development of breast cancer. Although you can’t change some risk factors, you can help lower your risk of breast cancer.
In this article, you’ll know about breast cancer’s preventive measures and how you can self-diagnose it at home.
How can you reduce the risk of breast cancer?
Several research studies show that lifestyle changes impact very much and can decrease the risk of breast cancer. These are as follows:
Limitation of Alcohol: It is scientifically proven that alcohol consumption greatly
increases the risk of breast cancer development. Thus, alcohol intake must be avoided.
Cessation of Smoking: There is a strong association between breast cancer and smoking due to the carcinogenic substances present in smoke. So, the woman must not smoke.
Avoidance of radiation exposure: Almost every cancer develops due to harmful radiation. High-radiation areas must not be visited to ensure good health.
Breastfeeding: A research study suggested that breastfeeding plays a pivotal role in breast cancer prevention. The longer a woman breastfeeds, the greater the protective effect.
Use oral contraceptives under medical supervision: If you take oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapies, ask your doctor first about their potential risks.
How can you self-examine yourself for breast cancer?
A woman can easily self-examine herself at home for breast cancer by looking for any changes in the breast. The best time to self-examine is 3 to 5 days after the commencement of your periods. It would be best if you did the following to perform the examination:
- Begin looking for any change in color, size, or shape of one or both breasts.
- Lie on your back and place your right hand behind your head.
- Gently press down using circular motions to examine the presence of any tender lump on the right breast by using the left hand.
- Squeeze the nipple and check for any discharge.
- Repeat the process on the left breast.
If you’re suspicious of having breast cancer or any lump, do a self-examination. Also, go for a checkup for an earlier diagnosis if you suspect breast cancer. The earlier the treatment starts, the greater the chances of recovery.