Heart Disease | Symptoms and Causes | Signs | Risk Factors

Heart Disease is the major cause of death in the US, as stated by the CDC. In the US in every 4 deaths, there is 1 death from heart disease and 610,000 people who die because of heart disease each year.

This condition does not distinguish, it’s a major cause of death in many populations like African Americans, Hispanics, and Caucasians. Nearly half of Americans who are at risk of getting heart disease and numbers are increasing.

It can be deadly, but it is also preventable in many cases. If people focus on their lifestyle habits, then they can live longer when they will have a healthy and strong heart.


Types of heart disease

Heart disease leads to many cardiovascular issues. Types of heart disease are:

  • Atherosclerosis is when your arteries become harder. Arrhythmia is when there is an abnormality in heart rhythm.
  • Cardiomyopathy is when the muscles of the heart is hard and growing weak.
  • Heart infections can be because of virus and bacteria.
  • Congenital heart defects are the heart irregularities which occur during birth If a heart problem is in the vessels specifically then we call it a cardiovascular disease.


Symptoms of the Heart Disease


 Arrhythmias: In which the heartbeat can be too slow or too fast. The symptoms of arrhythmias are:

  • Dizziness
  • Slow pulse
  • Pain in chest
  • Racing heartbeat
  • Lightheadedness

 Atherosclerosis: It reduces the blood supplies; the symptoms of atherosclerosis are:

  • Unspecified pain
  • Coldness in limbs
  • Weakness in legs and arms

 Congenital heart disease : When the fetus id growing then this condition can occur, sometimes congenital heart disease never diagnosed but can be detectable when these symptoms occur:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Irregularity in heart rhythm
  • Blue tinged skin

Coronary artery disease: Symptoms of this condition are:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Indigestion
  • Pain in chest
  • Nausea
  • Discomfort
  • A feeling of pressure in chest

 Cardiomyopathy: Symptoms of this condition are:

  • Swollen ankles and feet
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Rapid pulse
  • Fatigue Bloating

 Heart infections: Symptoms of this condition are:

  • Coughing
  • Chest pain
  • Skin rash
  • Fever


Heart Disease Symptoms In Women

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Backache
  • Pain in neck
  • Pain in jaw
  • Lightheadedness
  • Paleness
  • Indigestion
  • Anxiety
  • Cold sweats


Early Heart Disease Signs

Heartbeat can slower or can be faster, which means irregular than in daily routine.

Unexplained pain it can happen in the jaw or in the neck.

  • Angina
  • Irregularity in heartbeat
  • Utmost fatigue
  • Fainting
  • Dry cough
  • Skin rashes
  • Unexplained pain

A feel can occur like the squeezing the chest or discomfort in the chest. These are some signs of heart disease which we should consider if these conditions appear.

Heart Disease Causes

Heart disease is a cluster of conditions and diseases which leads to cardiovascular issues. Every heart problem occurs due to a specific completely different condition. In the arteries when plaque buildup then CAD and Atherosclerosis can occur.

 Arrhythmia causes

  •  Diabetes
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Medications or supplements
  • Herbal remedies
  • Excessive caffeine
  • Excessive alcohol
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Existing hear disease
  • CAD

 Congenital Heart Disease causes

When a baby is developing in the womb then while developing this heart disease can occur, sometimes these heart diseases can be detectable, and sometimes it can be undetectable for many years.

Cardiomyopathy causes

 There are some other types of cardiomyopathy, every type occurs from a specific condition.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

 Unstoppable viruses can be the result of that type of infection that can harm the heart. Bacteria, viruses, and parasites can be the major causes of this type of heart disease

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

 It can be the outcome of high blood pressure and it is not clear that what causes this most common disease cardiomyopathy, in which heart could be weakened and it can be the result of damage that happened previously to the heart from infections, heart attack, or drugs.

 Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

 It is usually unclear what causes this disease, but it can be the result of buildup scar tissues and it can also be the result of an abnormal protein which buildup in the body.


Heart Disease Risk Factors

Many risk factors can be controlled and some of them are not, some of these factors are:

  • Anxiety
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Low LDL (High-Density lipoprotein)

If you have diabetes these risk factors can be rise:

  • Angina
  • Heart attack
  • CAD
  • Stroke

Smoking can be controlled if a person does smoke it increases the chances of getting heart disease.

If you have diabetes, then it is necessary to control blood sugar levels because it increases the chances of getting heart disease This condition appears when your heart muscles become thicker, normally it is inherited.

Connection Between Hypertension and Heart Disease:

When you get hypertension, your heart starts to pump the blood harder to circulate through your body. Then it can be dangerous for your heart because it increases the pressure and can be the cause of narrow arteries, enlarged heart muscles and thick muscles.

When the heart uses extra power for pumping the blood through your body the muscles of the heart become harder and thicker. And it makes the arteries harder and rigid. When the arteries become harder and rigid so the blood circulation will be slow and oxygen-rich blood will not circulate through the body.

Hypertensive heart disease is one of the main causes of death for people who have high blood pressure problems, so it is better to deal with high blood pressure problems very well and early. A person with high blood pressure should go the proper treatment for preventing more damage.


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