Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)? Importance, Benefits, Deficiency

Importance of Vitamin B1:


  • Vitamin B1 is an important vitamin it comes under the category of water-soluble
  • vitamins. All body tissues require thiamine to function properly. The other name of
  • vitamin B1 is Thiamine.

We always overlook the importance of vitamins but they are a crucial part of our life. Vitamin B1 is the only vitamin which helps your body to convert carbohydrate into energy. Thiamin is the part of coenzyme and aids in energy metabolism it also assists in nerve function as well as normal appetite.

In our body, it performs multiple functions. One of the chief functions of vitamin B1 is that it is the part of coenzyme as well as active in energy metabolism. We all need vitamin B1 in our diet daily to overcome health problems. Its importance cannot be overlooked because it very crucial for our health.

  • There are a plethora of vitamin B1 benefits:
  • Vitamin B1 helps in the normal functioning of the heart muscles.
  • Vitamin B1 also helps in the normal digestion
  • Thiamin aids in normal concentration and memory as well.
  • Just like vitamin C, it is necessary for a healthy liver.


Deficiency of Vitamin B1:

Thiamin is very important for our health it helps to maintain the muscle mass and help in the conversion of carbohydrates into energy. Deficiency of vitamin B1 can lead to Beriberi it is a serious disorder if left untreated then it can cause various problems. People suffering from Beriberi can have an enlarged heart, irritability can occur, paralysis and anorexia can occur.

Severe thiamin deficiency is often related to too much alcohol consumption. Alcoholics and smokers become highly deficient of thiamin and therefore, they suffer from multiple diseases. Whatever, they eat or drink it does not get absorbed in the body because of the overconsumption of alcohol and smoking.

Physicians recommend thiamin supplements to those who are very deficient of vitamin B1 however, these supplements can give you benefits for a time being for the permanent benefit of vitamin B1 foods enriched in thiamin need to consume daily to get an adequate amount of vitamin B1.

Symptoms of Beriberi:
  • Mental confusion
  • Nausea
  • Impaired muscle growth and functioning
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Convulsions
  • Diarrhea
  • Muscle wasting


Types of Beriberi:

There are two types of disease beriberi:

  • Wet beriberi
  • Dry beriberi

Wet beriberi directly affects the circulatory system and heart and if it is not treated properly then it can lead to heart failure. Edema can also develop In dry beriberi body gets too weak, wrist drop, foot drop it affects the nervous system. The person feels trouble in moving hand and foot. Paresthesia can also occur due to dry beriberi and muscles get tender and more painful.


DRI recommended intake:

  • Men: 1.2 mg/day
  • Women: 1.1 mg/day
  • Pregnant women: 1.4 mg/day
  • Sample 1600 calories meal plan for Vitamin B1 deficiency:



  • 1 cup whole milk (100 calories)
  • Scrambled eggs (45 calories)
  • 1 orange (60 calories)
  • ½ whole wheat bagel (80 calories)

Mid-morning snack:

  • 1 cup cooked green peas (125 calories)
  • 1 cup apple juice (60 calories)


  • 3-ounce roasted beef (135 calories)
  • 1 cup cooked macaroni (80 calories)
  • ¼ cup toasted sunflower seeds (186 calories)
  • 1 whole baked potato (80 calories)
  • 1-ounce tuna (45 calories)

Evening snack:

  • 1 cup cooked black beans (125 calories)
  • 1 waffle (80 calories)
  • Dinner:
  • 1 cup enriched pasta (80 calories)
  • 2-ounce salmon (45 calories)
  • 1 cup plain yogurt (160 calories)
  • 1 medium apple (60 calories)



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